Information of States
Angling in Arunachal
Photo Gallery
People & festival
River rafting in Arunachal Pradesh
Tawang Special
Wildlife Information
Wildlife Special
Information of States    
Information of States…

Embarking on a journey of India's eight states of the North East is a tumultuous but rewarding and unique one. The history of its people and various ethnic communities, their rich heritage of ancient traditions and lifestyles, its festivals and crafts, and the infinite variety of its geographical settings, its topography and its varied flora and fauna and avian life, makes it a wonderland, waiting to be discovered afresh.

Journey through the North East states is a challenge, yet a romantic adventure in the best traditions of travel and discovery.

North Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura offers a kaleidoscopic fiesta that lures you with its rawness and varieties.

The very rare orchids , its natural beauty and challenging rivers mesmerizes the traveler by its dazzling variety and compelling appeal.

Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh, the land of the rising sun, is the most scantily populated states in the entire north east. Its very isolation has a mysterious magical charm that lures the traveler to imbibe of its natural beauty, tribal culture, craft traditions and splendid wildlife.

Arunachal shares its border with China (Tibet) in the north, Myanmar( Burma) in the east, Bhutan in the west and the states of Nagaland and Assam in the south.

Arunachal covers an area of 83,743 sq km . Almost 80% of the state is under forest cover, which varies from the sub-tropical to the alpine in the upper regions of the north west. This vast canopy of rainforest with its dynamic blend of an amazing plethora of flora and fauna is one of the world,s 17 bio-diversity heritage sites.

This land of the rising sun has 24 major tribes with its unique dialects, customs and traditions.


The home of the Brahmaputra River is a land of vast alluvial plains rich in forests, vast tracts of paddy and tea, and oil from the vast depths of the earth.

Her tea estates established by the British, produce over half of India,s tea. Digboi has India,s oldest and Asia,s first oil refinery.

Assam is cocooned between Himalayan foothills in north and the plateau and hilly terrain of Meghalaya in the south.

For six hundred years, the Ahoms ruled Assam, from their state capital of Charaideo before the arrival of British. The Ahoms were conquerors belonging to the Shan tribe of Burma, through the patkai range , who settled in the Brahmaputra valley and have consolidated their hold over the entire valley.

Visitors pour into her world renowned Kaziranga wildlife Sanctuary, one of the last frontiers for the pre-historic, one-horned rhino. The Project Tiger Reserve Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a world heritage site. Assam is also home to the world,s largest inhabited riverine island, Majuli.


This is the land of colourful people and dazzling rituals, myths and legends, lively festivals and evocative classical dance form, martial arts and indigenous games, it offers a comprehensive diversity of tourists delights.

The Meiteis, inhabit the fertile Imphal valley whose eastern periphery lies in the Chindwin- Irrawaddy basin. The Nagas reside in the surrounding hills of the north and kuki-Chin Mizo reside in the south.

Almost 70% of the land is under forest cover. Host of rare and endemic plant and animal life grow and inhabit in those stunning combination of wet forests, temperate forests and pine forests. The forest is home to the rare hoolock gibbon, the snow leopard and slow loris amongst a galaxy of other rare fauna. Indigenous to Manipur natural heritage is the sangai-the dancing deer that is facing extinction.

The sports loving community of Manipur is reputed for its indigenous version of Sagol Kangjei or Polo, it was the first place in India to have evolved this sport of Kings, the Mukna Kangjei( wrestling- hockey) and Yubi-Lakpi, a form of rugby played with a greased coconut.

Manipur,s martial arts are recognized for their rich traditions. The fluid movements of the spear dance( Ta khousarol) and sword fight(Thang Yannaba) have a sinuous beauty.
Its artistic leanings are visible in its graceful Ras Leela dance form.


Long Known as the Scotland of the east, as the scenic khasi hills reminded the British the Scottish Highlands, just perfect to escape from the heat and dust of the summers.

Inhabited by the Khasis, Jaintia and Garos, it is best known for the pretty hill station Shillong. Meghalaya borderlines with Bangladesh and Assam.

Meghalaya, known as the abode of clouds, are interspersed with rich meadows and pine forests. The traditional Sacred Forests are steeped in spiritual belief and held in great veneration.

Meghalaya is also known for its unique matrilineal society, which governs lineage and ancestral inheritance through the female line.

Christian missions were established among the Khasis and in the Garo hills. Shillong became an important educational centre, a summer resort and a garrison centre.


Mizoram, land of hilly blue mountains, which are criss- crossed by gushing rivers and their tributaries, lies in the southernmost outpost of the north eastern states. Manipur and Assam are situated to its north, Tripura to its west and part of it slips down between Myanmar and Bangladesh.

The Mizo hills are famous for their thick bamboo jungles, thereby resulting in beautiful mizo crafts in bamboo and cane which are ingeniously varied to meet modern needs but remain rooted to its traditions.
Highest amongst its several peaks is the Phawngpui- the Blue mountain. Mizoram provides galaxy of festivals and dances, natural beauty and ancient traditions.
From the 19th century, Christianity has played an important role in the state and is greatly embedded in its social life.


Nagaland is a land of tribal richness, brave warriors, myths and festivals. Nagaland shares borders with Assam, Myanmar, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.
Three great mountain ranges, the patkai,Barail and naga ranges run parallel to each other from which flows numerous rivers. The mountain terrain is the highest in Saramati in the Tuensang district, which is 3840 m above sea level. Japfu Peak(3014m) is the highest peak in Kohima district.

There are 16 major tribes and numerous sub-tribes spread over Nagaland,s several districts, primary amongst them are the Angamis, the Sema, Konyak, Aos and the Rengmas, each with their own distinct culture and lifestyle.

© Gibbon Travels, 2007